A healthy diet or exercise alone is not enough to prevent chronic illness, new research shows. Contrary to many people’s beliefs, you will not be able to cope with the effects of an unhealthy diet — and good nutrition alone will not cure illness.
Most people are aware that regular physical activity and healthy eating habits are essential for good health. But a major study published this week in the British Journal of Sports Medicine shows that beating exercise will not eliminate the effects of a high-fat diet, and eating a healthy diet will not stop the habit of sitting still.
The authors of the study wrote: “The headlines and tricks of the gymnasium are designed to get people to think about ‘exercise to eat whatever they want.’
Previous animal studies and fewer people have contributed to this, showing that, at least in the short term, vigorous physical activity can counteract the effects of overeating.
As a result, a global team of researchers analyzed data from nearly 350,000 participants from the UK Biobank, a health-care facility with health information from the British people, and followed for ten years. The students, aged 57, were healthy at the start of the study, meaning they had not been diagnosed with diseases such as heart disease, cancer or chronic pain.
By examining self-crafted questions, these experts broke down people’s diets and behavior. For example, a healthy diet consisted of 4.5 cups of fruit and vegetables per day, two or more fish per week, less than two servings of processed meat per week and no more than five servings of red meat per week. The study did not test for healthy foods such as soft drinks or spicy beverages, ”said Melody Ding, lead author of the study and assistant professor at the University of Sydney.
The researchers also measured the frequency of events using the answers to some of the questions asked about all the minutes students spent walking and exercising, such as light lifting or cycling faster, and vigorous exercise that lasted more than 10 minutes. The authors wrote that it was the first study to test diet and exercise in combination with common deaths and serious illnesses, such as cancer.
Not surprisingly, people who exercise and who eat a healthy diet have a much lower risk of death. Excessive physical activity is associated with a lower risk of death, but those who exercise regularly – which makes you sweat – had a much lower risk of dying from heart disease. And even 10 to 75 minutes a week changed.
Regardless of your diet, Drs. “Exercise is important,” says Ding. And whatever you do with exercise, nutrition is important. ”
“Every exercise is safe,” said Salvador Portugal, a sports expert and assistant professor in the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine at NYU Langone Health who did not participate in the study. But you can’t rely solely on your physical fitness for good health, he added.
The results underscore what many doctors have seen in practice, said Dr. Tamanna Singh, director of the Sports Cardiology Center at Cleveland Clinic who did not participate in the study. For example, he said, there are many areas of cardiovascular health, and “singleness supplementation will not only increase your risk of heart disease.”
They see patients who position themselves as athletes or professional athletes and wonder if they have a heart attack, he said, without considering their diet. “He often came to me after the incident and said, ‘I work hard. Why did I have a heart attack? ‘”
On the other hand, even those who had the most nutritious diets in the study saw the worst effects without any form of regular exercise.
That doesn’t mean people can’t take care of themselves after exercising, ”said Drs. Singh. (She’s a marathon runner herself, and she’s looking forward to nachos after a long time.) “If you are, in particular, deliberately on what you put in your body and deliberately on how you move your body, you are doing. Enough.”
This study highlights the importance of monitoring diet and exercise as components of good health, Drs. Ding said, instead of counting how many miles it “can” remove the cookie.
“It’s not just about burning calories,” he said. “We need to change that mindset.”